Endometriosis is a medical condition that affects some individuals with reproductive systems, primarily those who identify as female. It occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, typically within the pelvic region.

This tissue can grow on organs such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the lining of the pelvic cavity.

Common symptoms of endometriosis include pelvic pain, painful menstrual periods, pain during sexual intercourse, and fertility issues. The severity of symptoms can vary widely, with some individuals experiencing mild discomfort while others may have significant pain and complications.

Diagnosis often involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examinations, imaging studies like ultrasounds or MRIs, and sometimes laparoscopic surgery for a definitive diagnosis.

While there is no known cure for endometriosis, various treatments are available to manage the symptoms. These include pain medications, hormone therapy, and surgical procedures to remove the abnormal tissue.

It’s important for individuals experiencing symptoms to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a gynecologist or a specialist in reproductive health, for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.